Tournai Notre Dame Cathedral (Wallonia - Belgium)

UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES IN TOURNAI, BELGIUM
There are 2 UNESCO sites in Tournai. 23 Belfries all over France and Belgium were brought under the wings of UNESCO in 1999 CE. One of the 23 is here in Tournai. The other is the Notre Dame Cathedral. Let’s see more about the Cathedral, one of the tourist places in Belgium as well as one of the important churches/pilgrimage sites in Belgium! 

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium UNESCO World Heritage Site

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium UNESCO World Heritage Site

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium UNESCO World Heritage Site

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Sculptures

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium UNESCO World Heritage Site

TORNADO IN TOURNAI & RESTORATION OF NOTRE-DAME CATHEDRAL 
To begin with, it is under restoration (like my luck at Pisa CathedralSagrada FamiliaFlorence Duomo etc)!!! However, the restoration here has been happening since 1999 and not going to finish any time soon…. Reason: out of blue-moon, or rather, much much rarer than blue-moon, a tornado struck Tournai in 1999… So bad that one of the towers of the Cathedral, moved by 80cm!!! Since then, till now restoration is on in parts, to protect the cathedral from collapsing!!! Hopes are to finish the restoration by 2026…

HISTORY OF TOURNAI
In 12th C, when King Philippe Augustus became the self-appointed king, he ruled the then French country with Tournai as capital, thus making Tournai, effectively, the first capital city of modern France!!! This site being in the crossroads of England, Champagne and Normandy, was then an extremely important site, so much that holding on to Pont des Trous bridge across river Scheldt was such an important defence point. Today it’s just 10km from the French border! 

ARCHITECTURE OF NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL, TOURNAI
The architecture of Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai is very unique as it kept improving over the years! The nave is Romanesque, the altar is Gothic and the transepts are a beautiful mix of the 2 styles! The humongous 4 tiered nave was just majestic!!! Ages ago, the upper floors were used to invite important religious persons who kept pouring in here, all the time, including mass hours! 
The rounded arches with rounded pillars of the Roman style and the pointed arches and octagonal pillars (the early stages of what Duomo di Milano is the peak!) of the Gothic style can be very well observed when you’re standing halfway through, outside! It’s just intriguing! Originally the whole Cathedral was Romanesque styled. However, by 14th C CE, Gothic vaults and columns were added to improve the strength and stability of the building which was really massive and way too tall in terms of the era! 

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Architecture

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Architecture

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Architecture

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium UNESCO World Heritage Site

HOUSING AT NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL, TOURNAI
On either side of the cathedral are the monastery, school and hospital that were operated by the clergy. Today they aren’t functional except for the bishop who lives here! The bishop when King Philippe Augustus ruled, made a pathway across the street to connect the cathedral from the monastery, so he could walk to the cathedral without stepping onto the street which belonged to the municipality!!!!! Why?? I'll tell you about it in the next post!!!

SCULPTURES OF TOURNAI NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL, TOURNAI
As soon as you enter the church the first wow moment is the portal sculptures! The most important is of Saint Eleutherius of Tournai, who is seen holding the cathedral itself in his palm! Another important sculpture is of Saint Piatus of Tournai who’s seen holding the Bible and the top of his skull as well!!! Well, he was martyred by slicing-off the top of his skull by the Roman emperor, Maximian. These sculptures belong to multiple eras from 14th C CE onwards. 

GRANDE PROCESSION DE TOURNAI (GRAND PROCESSION OF TOURNAI)
Another series of sculptures is the entire scene describing the power of clergy to increase and collect tax (which was later discovered to be a sham with a fake seal altogether)!!! Also depicted is the major plague epidemic of 11th C CE that killed many. A grand procession across the town, under Bishop Radbad II, the then Bishop happened and soon after that, the epidemic ended. Coincidence or divine intervention - you decide. To date the procession happens annually.
Date of Grand Procession of Tournai 2021 - 12th Sept 2021 10:00AM

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Sculpture

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Sculpture

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Sculpture

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium History

HISTORY OF NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL TOURNAI
The origins of this church are from 5th C CE. However the major construction happened in 12th - 13th C CE after Tournai became the capital city of France under 
 King Philippe Augustus. Once you are through the main door, on the left are the still visible remains of the early (since 5th C CE) foundation and architecture of the church, including 11th C CE pipes, baptism font etc! The grey limestone pillars are indigenous to Tournai, called Tournai stone. The cornices of the pillars have some basic sculptural detail. The Romanesque Church was filled with stunning frescoes as well everywhere incl these pillars and this being a very rich church, the background of the frescoes were blue of lapis lazuli!!! However, by 17th C CE, it was completely whitewashed. Some murals are said to still survive which can only be seen after the restoration is over.

STAINED GLASS WINDOWS OF TOURNAI NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL
The fa├žade stained glass was much more elaborate, which is today transferred inside the church and replaced with the rose window! Portions of the cathedral were destroyed in WWII but most survived. However, the molten lead of some of the tombstones is standing proof of the heat that was generated during the bombing!!! 

CATHEDRA THRONE OF TOURNAI NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL 
In front of the choir is the Cathedra - the seat of the bishop. From the choir, there was nothing to see, as it was all covered for restoration. The stone screen designed by Corneille de Vriendt was just stunning thought with relief sculptures depicting scenes from both old and new testaments. 

TREASURY OF TOURNAI NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL
The keystone of the transepts was so high at 50m! Behind this is the treasury/museum where photography isn’t allowed. This is filled with so many stunning pieces of art and key pieces of history including the Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket’s cape etc! 
The roofing is all grey slate since the Gothic era. However, the Romanesque church seems to have had colourful tiles (something similar to Basel Munster). Restoration is underway to make it colourful as before. This can be seen from atop the Belfry! Coming back soon about the Belfry, Bishop and more!!!

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Rosette Window Stained Glass

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Rosette Window Stained Glass

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Cathedra Throne

Notre Dame Cathedral Tournai Belgium Architecture

HOW TO REACH TOURNAI FROM BRUSSELS
How to reach Tournai from Brussels by car: 90km 
How to reach Tournai from Brussels by train: Intercity trains are available and the journey takes about 1 hr. Here are some ways to get cheap Belgian Train tickets.

HOW TO REACH NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL, TOURNAI
Where is Tournai Notre dame Cathedral (On Google Maps)Notre-dame Cathedral
From Tournai Railway station to Cathedral: 1km

NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL, TOURNAI OPENING HOURS
Cathedral - 9:00AM to 6:00PM (Mon-Fri); 9:00 AM to 12:00noon & 1:30PM to 6:00PM (Sat, Sun)
Treasury - 10:00AM to 6:00PM (Mon-Fri); Mon morning holiday; 1:30PM to 6:00PM (Sat, Sun)

NOTRE DAME CATHEDRAL TOURNAI TICKETS
Tournai Notre Dame Cathedral entry ticket: Free 
Tournai Notre Dame Cathedral Treasury entry ticket: €2.5 
1 hr Guided Tour (incl Belfry) is available on Sundays for €5 per head at 2:30pm in Dutch; 3:30pm in English; 4:30pm in French. Tickets can be bought at the Tourist Office.

TOURNAI HOTELS
I visited Tournai twice as day-trips from Brussels and didn't stay there. So I don't have a personal review of any of the Tournai Hotels. The best budget hotel option in Tournai is of course the Tournai Youth Hostel. There are a few charming historic hotels in Tournai including D'Alcantara, Les Studios de la Grand Place, ONIRO - Wellness Rooms & Suites etc. 

P.S: I was invited by VisitTournai to experience the city for review purposes, however, the opinions are my own and this post does not advertise the product/service.

Tournai Notre Dame Cathedral Pinterest Tournai Notre Dame Cathedral Pinterest

Bhushavali

An ardent traveler by passion. Being an ex - Art History Teacher, my area of interest especially lies in Nature and Heritage. Visited 78 UNESCO World Heritage sites as of Sept 2020. I've been listed among the Top 7 Women Travel Bloggers of India, Top 50 in UK. I have been interviewed in a couple of TV Shows, Radio Channels and Events as well. Read more about me and read the testimonials of different brands