Modhera Sun Temple - Part 1 (Vadodara - Gujarat)

After seeing the step wells at Adalaj, Dada Harir and ofcourse Rani Ki vav, which had long, corridor like steps, finally I got to see Modhera that had alternated horizontal and vertical steps! 

First thing that it reminded me of - the movie Paheli!!! Some shots of the movie had the heroine Rani Mukherjee walking down those steps...
Well, it was built by the Solanki King Bhimdev in 1026 CE. They were called Suryavashies or the descendants of Sun God! here are 3 major sections here - The pond at the front called Suraj Kund or Ram Kund, the dancing area in the centre called Nrutya Mandap and the sanctum sanctorum called the Guda Mandap. 
The sculptural detail in this temple was beyond my comprehension, beyond words. But I did observed one things - remember my post on Hutheesingh Jain Temple? That was totally totally inspired by this...

Beside the pond were these 2 pillars. The original location of these pillars is not this though. It was kept here by the ASI. The best part in the on site museum as well, by ASI.
I was there in the afternoon and the sun is shining hot, and the stepped well / pond was spectacular. It was a visual treat. The way the shadows fell  was mind blowing. I could sit there and see on seeing them. Walking down the zig zag step feels so special.
Along those steps, at certain places are some small mandapas and some of them even have a diety inside.... That's water conservation at its best! 

When God is placed along with water, out of respect to God, water is not made dirty!!! That's something!!!! 
I really can't talk about Modhera in just one post. Coming back with part 2.

From Vadodara Railway Station: 212km via Nadiad, Naranpura
From Dholavira: 235km via Balasar, Radhanpur
From Patan: 36km southwards

On Google Maps:

Dedicated to Prof. Swaminathan & Co...


An ardent traveler by passion. Being an ex - Art History Teacher, my area of interest especially lies in Nature and Heritage. Visited 78 UNESCO World Heritage sites as of Sept 2020. I've been listed among the Top 7 Women Travel Bloggers of India, Top 50 in UK. I have been interviewed in a couple of TV Shows, Radio Channels and Events as well. Read more about me and read the testimonials of different brands


  1. The third image seems very similar to Konak Temple of Odisha, which is also the temple of Sun. Other images are simply tells the lost story to us. Reminds us our prosperous history and culture.

    Thanks for Sharing!

  2. Sheer Poetry! You must have spent quite some time in Gujarat then

  3. Such magnificent chisel work! Would love to visit this place. Seems quite intriguing. Nice post!

    1. Do visit the place Niranjan. I'm sure you'll love it! :)

  4. Interesting story... and best photographs of temple architecture and sculptures

    thanks bhusha

  5. Nice article & pics !!! :-) The steps in the movie Paheli, if I am not mistaken, are from the Chand Baori, in the village Abhaneri, Rajasthan.. Those are much deeper than those at Modhera ! The Modhera temple is a favorite of mine (along with Lothal) and I keep going there quite often. Its only the recent past that the surroundings of the temple has seen some beautification.. Another thing that surprised me about Mohera are the erotic sculptures INSIDE the sanctum sanctorum of the temple !

    1. Oh! I didn't know that. I'm yet to visit Rajasthan. Thanks for the info Ravi!!


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