Kodumbalur Temples (Pudukottai - Tamil Nadu)

Kodumbalur has 3 important temples - Muvar Koil, Ivar Koil and Muchukundeshwara Koil, of which we did not make it too Ivar koil. So here's the rest 2, beginning with Muvar Koil.

As the name suggest Muvar means the 3 People and this temple was built in 3 sections to denote 3 people - Bhuti Vikramakesari, the Irukuvelir king who built this temple in 10th C, and his 2 wives Karrali & Varaguna. However today only 2 of those are standing and one is in ruins. 

The central section has Shiva Lingam inside, the other one is empty. Both are west facing temples. The Vimana atop the santum sanctorum is built by the Linear Arch method. That's a shot from inside...

First lets have a look at the central shrine. Right atop the entrance on the western side is the relief sculpture of Umasahita Murthy

In the northern side atop is Rishabhantaka Murthy, middle is seated Siva, beneath is an unidentified standing murthy. 

In the eastern side atop is Indra on his elephant, middle is Alinganamurthy, that's Parvathi on Shiva's lap, but with a disfigured Shiva, bottom is Ardhanari

Almost at the corner, is this little miniature relief sculpture. Its of dancing Shiva as Tripurantaka on the right and in the left a scared Uma on the right, with 12 little dancing figures beneath!!!

Next to this miniatures was this side Shrine which had a beautiful design detail arched atop. That's a Amrita Kalasam at the centre shown head on. That's a pot having the eternal food, shown head on. From that emanates 2 Magarameen on either sides. Now what's this Magara Meen? Its a mythical creature with face of crocodile, body like fish with elephant trunk, monkey's eyes, lion legs, swine ears, and a mix of plants as tail!!! From its mouth comes 3 men on 3 lions with 2 other Magara meen receiving it on the other end! 
In the southern side is Yoga Dakshinamurthy atop, and a Dakshinamurthy in a different seated pose in the mid.

The second section of the temple has Harihara (Shiva Vishnu combo) in the western side. The northern side has Gangadhara atop and Siva Parvathi in the middle.

The eastern side is the most important side. Right atop is Tripurantaka in such a volatile pose that shows so much movement. In the middle is the Kalarimurthy - the pride of Pudukottai. The pose is so natural, dynamic and graceful. Beneath is Rishabanthaka. Again a very natural, casual pose with Shiva having his hand atop the head of a beautiful Rishabam!!! That's me & Shillika trying to enact the same. Lolz!

The southern side has Gajasamhara Murthy atop, Natesa in the middle and Vinadhara Shiva beneath! And isn't this a beautiful place for picnic. Yeah, we had our breakfast here!!!

The temple's well also requires a special mention. On the side of the well is another pit with steps that lead to a small hole on the wall of the well... So someone can get down the steps, sit on the last step and take bath in the well, even if he/she doesn't know to swim!!!

From there our next stop was Muchukundeshwaram. This was also built in the 10th C by Mahimalaya Irukkuvel who was a subordinate of Parantaka Chola... This place is also called Mudhukundram. 
Pudukkottai will continue....

To Reach Pudukkottai:
From Chennai: 400 km via Villupuram, Trichy
Trains to Rameshwaram go via Pudukottai. 
Trains / Buses can be taken to Trichy and regular buses are available from Trichy.
From Trichy: 50 km. Regular buses are available.
From Madurai: 115 km via Tirupatthur
From Coimbatore: 300 km via Dharapuram, Dindigul

Dedicated to Prof. Swaminathan, Prof. Muthazhagan, Prof. Jambunathan, and the whole group...


An ardent traveler by passion. Being an ex - Art History Teacher, my area of interest especially lies in Nature and Heritage. Visited 78 UNESCO World Heritage sites as of Sept 2020. I've been listed among the Top 7 Women Travel Bloggers of India, Top 50 in UK. I have been interviewed in a couple of TV Shows, Radio Channels and Events as well. Read more about me and read the testimonials of different brands


  1. wow, great photos. That place looks so calm and peaceful ^_^.

    1. Thank you... Indeed it was. We had our breakfast here, and it was fabulous to sit beneath the tree and eat!!! :)

  2. Loved the dilapidated architecture.


    1. Oh my! Just wish & hope the temple doesn't dilapidate any more...

  3. Beautiful post. You are fortunate to visit these temples in the company of experts.

  4. Awesome pictures!



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