Kaliapatti - Vesalur - Some Missed places (Pudukottai - Tamil Nadu)

So far they have been so many temples, that we have seen. Any idea how the first ever temple would have been. Right - The first ever temples were the cave temples. But any idea what were the first kind of built / constructed temples? Here they are...

This one was at Kaliyapatti. It was a bit freaky indeed to reach this place! It was a deserted thorny terrain and infact we had to shut down all doors & windows to prevent the thorny plants from coming in!!! Finally with the help of a local, we did manage to reach the place.. This Kaliyapatti temple is of the 9th C and has inscriptions too!!!

Another early temple was at Vesalur. Around this, a lot more has been constructed over a period of time till Nayak Period. The initial construction was done by Paranthaka Chola in the 9th C, and inscription are there for the same. A Shiva Lingam is in the sanctum sanctorum. 

We did miss a lot places, thanks to the tight schedule! One was Ivar Koil. One was Tiruppur, which is an exquisite eg. of early Chola art. The temple of Veerakudi has a very beautiful sculpture of Jyeshta Devi (Moodevi - Goddess Lakshmi's elder sister). It was only post-pallava era that Jyeshta went out of daily prayers, after she was depicted fat with spread out legs!!!
We also missed Kundrandar Koil which was an early cave temple of Lord Shiva. It has a recent temple of Lord Muruga atop. Outside is the sculpture of Lord Vinayaka. Unlike the later depictions of Lord Vinayaka with huge tummy with small head, here its more inspired by Mammoth than elephant! The Ratha Mandapam (Mandapam of the Temple Car) is in the shape of a Ratha!! The best part - the wheel can be rotated!!!!! It has 100 pillars. Its said that this temple belongs to the 12th C.
However Prof. Jambunathan has his own doubts about that, coz of an inscription, which says...
'Sri Kodhai Maindhan
Thiru Kundrakkudi Devarkku
Thiruvadhirai Maindhan
Veera Kaanaayanai Saarthi
Attrazhiya Vaitha Arisi
Nooru Orubadhu Parppaarukku'
This inscription talks about Kodhai Maindhan which mean 'Andal's son' which is not written anywhere in recorded history, so this temple is before that. Also it talks about 'Orubadhu', a terminology to denote 'Pathu' / the number 10 has not been used ever since Sangam Tamil age, so this temple must have been before that. Also it talks about 'Attrazhiya Vaitha Arisi' which means 'Boiled Rice' - Boiled rice has never been given as donation in known history, only raw rice was given, yet again, this temple must have been before that. It also talks about 'Veera Kanaayanai Saarthi' which means to 'To bring in the sculpture of Veera Kanaayan', why would someone bring a sculpture from outside to place inside a cave temple where the sculpture can be made out of the live rock itself!!!

To Reach Pudukkottai:
From Chennai: 400 km via Villupuram, Trichy
Trains to Rameshwaram go via Pudukottai. 
Trains / Buses can be taken to Trichy and regular buses are available from Trichy.
From Trichy: 50 km. Regular buses are available.
From Madurai: 115 km via Tirupatthur
From Coimbatore: 300 km via Dharapuram, Dindigul

Dedicated to Prof. Swaminathan, Prof. Muthazhagan, Prof. Jambunathan, and the whole group...


An ardent traveler by passion. Being an ex - Art History Teacher, my area of interest especially lies in Nature and Heritage. Visited 78 UNESCO World Heritage sites as of Sept 2020. I've been listed among the Top 7 Women Travel Bloggers of India, Top 50 in UK. I have been interviewed in a couple of TV Shows, Radio Channels and Events as well. Read more about me and read the testimonials of different brands


  1. There are hidden places in India that I haven't marveled and this is one of those.

    1. The world is afterall not so small! Even if I travel and explore new places everyday, I can't see the whole of India in my lifetime!!!

  2. Very nice to learn about the earliest structural temples in the South. However the concept of a temple (structural and not the cave ones)originated in the North with flat roofed structures. Come down to Bhopal and at Sanchi you can have an appreciation of what it was around 2/3rd century CE.

  3. Simply superb………..marvelous….

  4. btw it was revealing-that moodhevi was once worshipped !

  5. Replies
    1. Thank you thank you so much. Looks like its your first visit here to My Travelogue. Do visit often... :)
      Glad you liked the post!!!

  6. Jyeshtha at Visalur is all stained since I was there a little over a year ago. Wish they'd take care of their very beautiful murthis!

  7. Iam happy to discover your blog...its a treat for an architect and history lover like me..Thanks for the wonderful posts..keep em coming!

    1. Thank you so much Ashok.
      Thanks for visiting & commenting on my blog.
      Glad you like it.
      Do drop by often... :)


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